Singalila National Park


Singalila National Park


Darjeeling, West Bengal

Best time

 March to May


78.6 km square

Major Animals/Birds

Red panda, leopard cat, barking deer, yellow-throated marten, wild boar, pangolin and pika. Larger mammals include the Himalayan black bear, leopard, clouded leopard, serow and takin.

Singalila National Park is located in Darjeeling, West Bengal. Area of Singalila National Park is   78.6 km square, best time to visit Singalila National Park is between March to May.

Singalila National Park is one of India’s most unique Himalayan forests. It is a wilderness region of 78.6 square kilometres located on the Singalila Ridge at elevations ranging from 7000 to 12000 feet above sea level. In 1992, it was designated as a National Park. The environment is a temperate forest of fir, deciduous hardwood, and Rhododendron with a dense bamboo understory. In Singalia, over 600 orchid types bloom, the highest concentration in any single geographical location in the world. The area receives significant seasonal monsoon rainfall and is located in India’s Eastern Himalayan Region in the state of West Bengal. It is well-known for the hiking path that travels through it to Sandakphu. Tinchule Forest, a similar ecosystem, may still be found in Nepal.

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Safari Timings

For safaris in the park, old Land Rovers used by the British can be rented. They are offered at Manebhanjan’s Jeep booth. It takes around 2.5 hours to go from Maneybhanjan (30 km) to Sandakphu, and another 2.5 hours to get from Sandakphu to Phalut (20 km). A vehicle safari does not require a guide, as opposed to a hike in the park, which must. Tourists can hire licenced guides and porters from the Highlander Guides and Porters Welfare Association. Their headquarters are at Manebhanjan. Safaris into the park are also organised by tour firms located in Darjeeling.


Singalila National Park is divided into two ranges. The southern range begins just after Manebhanjan (at the base) and runs through Tonglu, Tumling, Gairibas, Kalipokhari, Bikheybhanjan, and all the way up to Sandakphu (11,909 ft) and beyond to Phalut (11,811 ft).

Major Attractions in & Around the Park

  • Sandakphu Singalila National Park Sandakphu or Sandakfu or Sandakpur is the highest peak in the district of Ilam, Nepal and West Bengal, India.
  • Tonglu Singalila National Park Tonglu is the one of the higher peaks of the Singalila Ridge and a small settlement inside the Singalila National Park in the Darjeeling subdivision
  • Tendong Hill Namchi Tendong Dichhen Salhun Gumpa or Tendong Gumpa as commonly known, is situated atop 8530 ft. altitude from mean sea level . This monastery is surrounded by lush green virgin reserve forest and nearest hamlet is Damthang which is at six kilometer walking distance.
  • Siddheswar Dham Namchi

Birds found in Singalila National Park

Blood Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan, Himalayan Monal, Fire-tailed Myzornis, Golden-breasted Fulvetta, Great Parrotbill, Fulvous Parrotbill, Brown Parrotbill,Common Hill Partridge ,Rufous-throated Hill Partridge ,Red Junglefowl ,  Himalayan Monal , Freckled Pigeon, Eurasian Collared Dove ,Red Collared Dove , Spotted-necked Dove, Orange-breasted Green Pigeon , Fork-tailed Swift , Greater Coucal , Greater Coucal, Common Hawk Cuckoo


Reptiles and Amphibians IN Singalila National Park

The endangered Himalayan Newt frequents the region, and congregates around the lakes of Jore Pokhri, Sukhia Pokhri and nearby lakes to reproduce. Jore Pokhri and Sukhia Pokhri are within 20 km of the park boundary, and are protected wildlife sanctuaries.

Mammals found in Singalila National Park


The following mammals are found in the Himalayas: leopard (Panthera pardus), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), barking deer (Muntiacus vaginalis), Himalayan serow (Capricornis sumatraensis thar), Himalayan goral (Naemorhedus goral), wild boar (Sus spp (Manis pentadactyla). Spotting animals in Singalila is more difficult than spotting birds. .Small animals found in the park include the red panda, leopard cat, barking deer, yellow-throated marten, wild boar, pangolin, and pika. The Himalayan black bear, leopard, clouded leopard, serow, and takin are among the larger animals.