Periyar National Park


Periyar National Park


Thekkady , Kerala

Best time

September to June


3,728 sq km

Major Animals/Birds

Indian tiger, Elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Mouse deer, Indian wild dog, Gaur, Otter, Nilgiri Tahr, Wild Pigs, Niligiri Langur, Common Langur, Bonnet Macaque,

Periyar National Park is located in Thekkady , Kerala . Area of Periyar National Park is 3,728 sq km , best time to visit Periyar National Park is between September to June.

Periyar National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary in Thekkady is a prime example of nature’s abundance, featuring stunning scenery and a diverse wildlife population. The Periyar National Park is considered the best protected sanctuary for elephants and tigers in this breathtaking location in Kerala. The Periyar National Park is one of the most well-known national parks in South India, located high in the Western Ghat mountains. The protected area covers an area of 925 square kilometres (357 sq mi). The rest of 350 sq km (140 sq mi) of the core zone was proclaimed as the Periyar National Park in the year 1982.

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Periyar National park safaris are, without a doubt, the finest method to view the area’s attractions and spot wildlife such as elephants and wild boars. 

  • Boat cruise at the Periyar Lake During a ride on Periyar Lake, it is common to see lovely, healthy deer near the water. Unfortunately, this facility is not available year-round because excessive rains occasionally suspends these services.
  • Jeep safaris are ideal for individuals or small groups. Photographers love this option to capture the fearsome and magnificent animals in all their splendour.
  • Elephant safari – Elephant safaris are a fantastic way to explore the outdoors.

Safari Timings

  • Night jeep safaris are accessible from 11 p.m. to 3 a.m., and guests can also go on day safaris.
  • The last admittance for a full-day safari is at 3 p.m.


  • Elephant safari –  This safari ride is available from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m.
  • The duration of the safari is 30 minutes.


  • Boat safari – Available 1.50-hour boat tours are one of the greatest ways to observe the region’s wildlife.
  • At 7.25 a.m., 9.15 a.m., 11.15 a.m., 1.30 p.m., and 4 p.m.,


Major Attractions in & Around the Park
The Periyar National Park has numerous important attractions in it, such as the Mangala Devi temple, Periyar Lake and Cardamom hills amongst others.

  • Mangala Devi Temple: This ancient temple is located inside the national park and is available to the general public just once in a year.
  • Pullumedu: This popular pilgrimage site overlooks the auspicious Lord Iyyappan temple of Sabari Mala. Pullumedu is popular, especially in January. Devotees think a sparkling light in the sky that occurs during this time to be a divinity in spiritual form.
  • Periyar Lake: One of the park’s most popular attractions, this lake is famed for river rafting, boat cruises, boat rides, and bird watching.
  • Hill Region: The northern and eastern borders of the Periyar National Park are surrounded by mountains. These mountains are ideal for trekking, with the most well-known routes being Kurisamala to Kumily and Kumily to Pandikuzhi.
  • Cardamom Hills: The most unique site in the park, these hills with cardamom plantations are famed for the guided jeep tours that take place here.

Fauna of Periyar National Park

Reptiles found in Periyar National Park

The park is home to 45 different kinds of reptiles. Turtles, lizards, and snakes are examples of this. The top reptiles to look for are the striped coral snake, Malabar pit viper, king cobra, and others. Top amphibians to spot in the park are Malabar gliding frog, bicolored frog, Asian toad and others. In the lakes and rivers located in the park, over 40 kinds of fishes are found. Priyar barb, Periyar trout, channa barb, Travancore loach, and other species are popular.


Butterflies Birds found in Periyar National Park

More than 160 butterfly species are found here. This includes the largest butterfly of South India, Southern birdwing. Other top butterflies to spot are Malabar tree nymph, lime butterfly and Travancore evening brown. Numerous species of moths are also found here.

Birds found in Periyar National Park

This park is home to over 266 different bird species. This contains a large number of migrating birds. Top birds to view in the park are Malabar grey hornbill, white bellied blue flycatcher, sunbird, great hornbill, Sri Lanka frogmouth, black necked stork, oriental darter, brahminy kite, small spiderhunter, eagle owl, Nilgiri wood pigeon and others. This park has lately seen new bird species such as steppe gulls, paddyfield warblers, grey-necked buntings, and others.


Mammals found infound in Periyar National Park

More than 60 species may be found here, including the Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Indian Bison, Sambar Deer, Indian Wild Dog, Leopard, Barking Deer, and Smooth-Coated Otter, which can be seen while taking a boat ride on Periyar Lake. The Nilgiri Tahr is restricted to higher rocky places, whereas the endangered Lion Tailed Macaque lives in the deep evergreen woods. Both the Bonnet Macaques and Nilgiri Langur may be observed foraging from the trees close where the boat lands.