Eravikulam National Park


Eravikulam National Park


Idukki district in Kerala

Best time

September to November and from April to June


97 km²

Major Animals/Birds

The main predators include the golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard, and tiger. There are also several lesser-known creatures such as the Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, sloth bear ,little clawed otter, reddish mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel. Seasonal visits are made by elephants.

Eravikulam National Park is located in  Idukki district in Kerala . Area of  Eravikulam National Park is 97 km² ,best time to visit Eravikulam National Park is between September to November and from April to June.

The Eravikulam National Park is located in Kerala’s Southern Western Ghats, near Idukki. The word Eravikulam means “streams and lakes,” which aptly describes the national park. The park was administered as a Game Preserve until 1978, when the Kerala Government raised its status to that of a National Park.

The Nilgiri Tahr, which is now critically endangered, used to live in this section of the park. It was designated as endangered in its habitat in 1975. Eravikulam National Park is 92 square kilometres in size and is covered in high altitude grasses.

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Safari Timings

While roaming around the Eravikulam Park, the wildlife lovers can find explicit ranges of flora & fauna; and safari being the best mode brings the ultimate opportunity for them to get closer to the wildlife.

The park is open throughout the week. The safari time starts by 8:30 am and closes by 4 pm. A complete safari would take 2-3 hours.

Safari Gate/Zones

The national park is a protected area separated into three zones:

  • The core zone
  • The buffer zone
  • The tourism zone.

Visitors are only permitted to visit the tourism area in Rajamala, which is located beyond the road’s access into Eravikulam.

Major Attractions in & Around the Park

Anamudi Peak: Standing tall in Eravikulam National Park at an elevation of 2,695 metres above sea level, Anamudi Peak is Kerala’s pride.

-Atukkad Waterfalls: Known for their long walking trail, the Atukkad Waterfalls are a great visual delight.

-Echo Point: Known for its natural echo phenomenon, Echo Point is surrounded by foggy clouds, hills, green meadows, and woodlands, making a visit to this gorgeous location all the more exciting.

-Lakkon Waterfalls: Set among lush vegetation and rolling hills, Lakkon Waterfalls is one of the top places for nature enthusiasts, providing a unique and authentic experience.

-Forest Rose Garden: Forest Rose Garden is located 3,500 feet above sea level and is filled with a variety of flora, including spices, crops such as cardamom and vanilla, and a range of other fruit trees.

Exciting Fauna at Eravikulam National Park


Mammals found in Eravikulam National Park

The primary predators include the golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard, and tiger. Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, little clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel are among the fauna present here. Elephants visit on a seasonal basis.

Birds found in Eravikulam National Park

The National Park contains a total of 133 bird species, about eleven of which are indigenous to the Western Ghats.

Among the notable birds present in the area are the Jungle Bush Quail (Perdicula Asiatica), the Indian Golden Backed Three-Toed Woodpecker (Dinopium Javanese), the Small Green Barbet (Megalaima Viridis), the White Breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis), and the Indian Lorikeet (Loriculus Vernalis).

Reptiles found in Eravikulam National Park

The park itself features just 13 reptile species, five of which are lizards and the remaining eight are snakes. The Western Ghats are home to ten of the region’s thirteen reptile species.

The Anamalai Spiny Reptile (Salea anamallayana), Keeled Grass Skink (Mabuya carinata), Palni Shield Tail Snake (Uropeltis pulneyensis), Buff Striped Keelback (Amphiesma stolata), Gunther’s Vine Snake (Ahaetulla dispar), and Perrotet’s Mountain Snake are some of the lizard (Xylophis perroteti).


Amphibians and Fish found in Eravikulam National Park

major three types of fish that may be often found in the region are, Lipped Algae Eater(Horalabiosa joshuai), Cardamon Garra(Garra hughi) and the common Rainbow Trout(Salmo gairdneri gairdneri).There are a total of twenty-one species of amphibians which have been documented at the park out of which a majority of 17 are unique to the Fauna of Eravikulam National Park.

Some unusual forms of amphibians in the area include Ridged Toad(Bufo parietalis), Leith’s Leaping Frog(Indirana leithii), Bicolored Frog(Rana curtipus), Yellow-Bellied Bush Frog(Philautus flaviventris) and the Boulenger’s Bubble Nest Frog(Philautus signatus) (Philautus signatus).


Butterflies found in Eravikulam National Park

The butterflies of Eravikulam National Park are well-known. The park’s attractiveness is enhanced by the presence of a large number of butterflies in the area. Academicians have identified over a hundred species of butterflies in the region. Only 11 of these are unique to the Western Ghats.

There are various butterflies here that have become endangered, and it is critical to take precautionary steps for such species. Southern Birdwing (Troides minos), Malabar Raven (Papilio dravidarum), Red Disk Bush Brown (Mycalesis oculus) butterflies, Palni Fourring (Ypthima ypthimoides), Nilgiri Tiger (Parantica nilgiriensis), which is also indigenous to the Western Ghats, White Disk Hedge Blue (Celatoxia albidisca) butterflies, and the extremely rare Tamil (Oriens concinna).